Welcome to FIS   Sponsored By
Subscribe to FIS | Register with FIS | Advertise with FIS | Newsletter | About FIS | Contact us
   


Killer whales in the Olympic Coast National Marine Sanctuary. (Photo Credit: NOAA)

Marine Mammal Protection Act proves effective

Click on the flag for more information about United States UNITED STATES
Monday, May 06, 2013, 03:00 (GMT + 9)

In 1972, a US Senate committee reported, "Many of the great whales which once populated the oceans have now dwindled to the edge of extinction," due to commercial hunting. The committee also worried about how tuna fishing was accidentally killing thousands of dolphins, trapped in fishing gear. And they considered reports about seal hunting and the decline of other mammals, including sea otters and walruses.

In October of that year, Congress passed the Marine Mammal Protection Act and four decades later, new research shows that the law is working.

Not only has the act "successfully prevented the extirpation of any marine mammal population in the US in the 40 years since it was enacted," write University of Vermont conservation biologist Joe Roman and his colleagues in a new report, but also, "the current status of many marine mammal populations is considerably better than in 1972."

Their study, published online in the Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, shows that population trends for most stocks of these animals remain unknown, but of those stocks that are known, many are increasing.

Some marine mammals, like endangered right whales, continue to be in deep trouble, but other populations "particularly seals and sea lions, have recovered to or near their carrying capacity," the scientists write.

"We have seen remarkable recoveries of some populations of marine mammals, such as gray seals in New England and sea lions and elephant seals along the Pacific coast," says Read.

"US waters are pretty compromised with lots of ship traffic and ship strikes, big fisheries, pollution, boat noise, " Joe Roman says. "And yet it's safer to be a marine mammal in US waters than elsewhere," he says, due to the Act's strong protections against commercial and accidental killing — what the law calls "take" — and its aim to maintain sustainable populations of mammals and their ecological roles in oceans.

"It's important to evaluate such broad legislation," says co-author Caitlin Campbell, a UVM student.

"A lot of people think that the hard part was getting it passed through Congress, but in reality you have to make sure that big protective measures like this are actually effective," she says. "This paper shows that this act is doing its job."

The research team gathered hundreds of data sets from around the world, including from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Canadian agencies, and the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). Their goal was to get an accurate picture of population levels and trends of more than 200 stocks of marine mammals from the Pantropical Spotted Dolphin to the West Indian Manatee.

The team concluded that for many of these animals there simply aren't enough data. For 71 per cent of the stocks they identified, they couldn't say which way the population was heading, up or down.

But for the ones they could evaluate, they found that 19 per cent of stocks were increasing, while five percent were stable and only 5 per cent were declining.

Another fundamental conclusion of this research: "stopping harvesting these mammals, stop fisheries bycatch, stop killing them — and many populations bounce back," says Roman. Marine mammals are long-lived "so it's going to take decades, maybe longer for populations to rebound," he says, "but it seems the trends are increasing."

[email protected]
www.fis.com


 Print


Click to know how to advertise in FIS
MORE NEWS
Republic of Ireland
Feb 22, 22:50 (GMT + 9):
Innovative project launched to use aquaculture wastewater
Ecuador
Feb 22, 22:00 (GMT + 9):
First small pelagic ban will be in March
European Union
Feb 22, 21:20 (GMT + 9):
Fishing sector demands more realism and flexibility from EU
Viet Nam
Feb 22, 03:00 (GMT + 9):
Southern province has great plans to boost crab farming
Chile
Feb 22, 02:50 (GMT + 9):
Govt enacts law creating support agency for small fish and aquaculture producers
Australia
Feb 22, 02:00 (GMT + 9):
Huon saw profit growth in second half of 2017
Peru
Feb 22, 01:10 (GMT + 9):
Fisheries sector registers important advance in January, thanks to anchovy
Japan
Feb 22, 01:00 (GMT + 9):
IN BRIEF - Focus on seafood for Norwegian PM on visit to Japan
Singapore
Feb 22, 01:00 (GMT + 9):
IN BRIEF - More must be done to boost local aquaculture
United States
Feb 22, 01:00 (GMT + 9):
IN BRIEF - Cooke Aquaculture Threatens to Seek Damages from Washington State
Republic of Ireland
Feb 22, 01:00 (GMT + 9):
IN BRIEF - Fisheries body confirms presence of farmed Atlantic salmon in Galway rivers
Hong Kong
Feb 22, 01:00 (GMT + 9):
IN BRIEF - Hong Kong supermarkets need to do better at labelling seafood accurately, to help protect threatened marine life
Republic of Ireland
Feb 22, 00:40 (GMT + 9):
Aquaculture organisation rejects affirmations on escaped salmon in Irish rivers
United States
Feb 21, 23:50 (GMT + 9):
Washington fish growers urge Senate to stop salmon farm bans
Argentina
Feb 21, 23:00 (GMT + 9):
Squid jiggers caugth 22,000 tonnes of Illex in three weeks



Lenguaje
FEATURED EVENTS
  
TOP STORIES
Higher exports of live lobsters to Asia offset fall in sales to Europe
United States Two thirds of the live lobsters that the United States exported last year went to Asia, a percentage that reflects a growth of 36 percent year-on-year.
UN information exchange tool supports fisheries sustainability
Worldwide It is estimated that the global seafood trade is worth USD 140 billion, but overfishing and illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing are putting the health of fisheries and ocean ecosystems at high risk.
Euro-Moroccan commission relies on favorable ruling by CJEU on EU-Morocco fishing agreement
European Union The EU-Moroccan Mixed Commission of Fisheries Professionals has warned of the damage and the negative socio-economic impact that an unfavorable resolution of the CJEU would have on both parties in relation to the current fishing protocol between the EU and Morocco.
Nine more stocks than in 2017 are now fished at sustainable levels
European Union Fishing businesses in the Atlantic, North Sea and Baltic Sea are enjoying a record on profits, due to a solid recovery of popular fish stocks which were severely depleted some years ago, claims the European Commission.
 
Maruha Nichiro Corporation
Nichirei Corporation -Headquarter-
Pesquera El Golfo S.A.
Ventisqueros - Productos del Mar Ventisqueros S.A
Wärtsilä Corporation -Wartsila Group Headquarter-
ITOCHU Corporation -Headquarter-
BAADER - Nordischer Maschinenbau Rud. Baader GmbH+Co.KG (Head Office)
Inmarsat plc - Global Headquarters
Marks & Spencer
Tesco PLC (Supermarket) - Headquarters
Sea Harvest Corporation (PTY) Ltd.
I&J - Irvin & Johnson Holding Company (Pty) Ltd.
Blue Continent Products (Pty) Ltd - (Oceana Group Limited)
Pesquera San Jose S.A.
Nutreco N.V. - Head Office
CNFC China National Fisheries Corporation - Group Headquarters
W. van der Zwan & Zn. B.V.
SMMI - Sunderland Marine Mutual Insurance Co., Ltd. - Headquarters
Icicle Seafoods Inc. -Headquarter-
Starkist Seafood Co. - Headquearters
Trident Seafoods Corp.
American Seafoods Group LLC - Head Office
Marel - Group Headquarters
SalMar ASA - Group Headquarters
Sajo Industries Co., Ltd
Hansung Enterprise Co.,Ltd.
BIM - Irish Sea Fisheries Board (An Bord Iascaigh Mhara)
CEFAS - Centre for Environment, Fisheries & Aquaculture Science
COPEINCA ASA - Corporacion Pesquera Inca S.A.C.
Chun Cheng Fishery Enterprise Pte Ltd.
VASEP - Vietnam Association of Seafood Exporters & Producers
Gomes da Costa
Furuno Electric Co., Ltd. (Headquarters)
NISSUI - Nippon Suisan Kaisha, Ltd. - Group Headquarters
FAO -Food and Agriculture Organization- Fisheries and Aquaculture Department (Headquarter)
Hagoromo Foods Co., Ltd.
Koden Electronics Co., Ltd. (Headquarters)
A.P. Møller - Maersk A/S - Headquarters
BVQI - Bureau Veritas Quality International (Head Office)
UPS - United Parcel Service, Inc. - Headquarters
Hamburg Süd Group - (Headquearters)
Armadora Pereira S.A. - Group Headquarters
NOAA - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (Headquarters)
Omega Protein Corporation -Headquarter-
Marona S.A.
Marine Harvest ASA - Headquarters
Marubeni Europe Plc -UK-
Findus Ltd
Icom Inc. (Headquarter)
WWF Centroamerica
Oceana Group Limited
The David and Lucile Packard Foundation
Ajinomoto Co., Inc. - Headquarters
Friosur S.A. - Headquarters
Cargill, Incorporated - Global Headquarters
Benihana Inc.
Leardini Pescados Ltda
Mitsubishi Corporation Marine Products Depts. D.Team
CJ Corporation  - Group Headquarters
Greenpeace International - The Netherlands
David Suzuki Foundation
Fisheries and Oceans Canada -Communications Branch-
Mitsui & Co.,Ltd - Headquarters
NOREBO Group (former Ocean Trawlers Group)
Natori Co., Ltd.
Carrefour Supermarket - Headquarters
FedEx Corporation -Headquarter-
AKBM - Aker BioMarine ASA
Seafood Choices Alliance -Headquarter-
Austevoll Seafood ASA
Walmart / Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. (Supermarket) -Headquarter-
New Japan Radio Co.Ltd (JRC) -Head Office-
Gulfstream JSC
INVE Group - Head Office
Marine Stewardship Council - MSC Worldwide Headquarters
Royal Dutch Shell plc (Headquarter)
Genki Sushi Co.,Ltd -Headquarter-
Iceland Pelagic ehf
AXA Assistance Argentina S.A.
Caterpillar Inc. - Headquarters
Tiger Brands Limited
Morpol ASA - Group Headquarters
SeaChoice
National Geographic Society
AmazonFresh, LLC - AmazonFresh

Copyright 1995 - 2018 Fish Info & Services Co.Ltd| All Rights Reserved.   DISCLAIMER