Alaska pollock or walleye pollock (Gadus chalcogrammus. (Photo: NOAA FishWatch)
Alaska leads NOAA fisheries rankings in 2014
Tuesday, May 31, 2016, 00:40 (GMT + 9)
In 2014 Alaska produced the greatest value and volume of any area, according to The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).
NOAA’s report also determines that in 2014, the nation’s commercial seafood industry produced 1.4 million full-and part-time jobs, USD 153 billion in sales (including imports), USD 42 billion in income and USD 64 billion in value-added impacts. Domestic harvests produced USD 54 billion in sales.
This analysis also details that the country’s commercial fishermen harvested a total market value of USD 9.4 billion worth of finfish and shellfish.
In addition, it shows that the most valuable seafood product in 2014 was shrimp, which represents USD 702 million in market value. Pacific salmon came in second, representing USD 617 million in overall value. Lobster and scallops came in third and fourth, representing USD 567 million and USD 424 million, respectively.
North Pacific fisheries, dominated by walleye pollock and Pacific salmon, accounted for the greatest volume and value of the eight regions.
Alaska caught the most finfish, representing 68 per cent of the nation’s total. California produced the most shellfish with 260 million pounds, followed by Louisiana and Maine’s shrimp and lobster catches.
In volume terms, pollock produced three times more sheer poundage than the next species, menhaden. Fishermen in the North Pacific harvested 3.1 billion pounds of walleye pollock in 2014, around 55 percent of the region’s total seafood landings.
Pacific salmon’s value adds to pollock’s volume to make the North Pacific region the US seafood industry’s largest. Of the USD 5.5 billion in nationwide dockside revenue, the North Pacific region produced USD 1.7 billion, or 31 per cent of the total. Half came of that from Pacific salmon and pollock revenue.
North Pacific fishermen made the most income from salmon, pollock, and crab in 2014. For Alaska fishermen, the three species comprised 69 per cent of the region’s total value. Salmon produced the most revenue with USD 546 million, followed by USD 400 million from pollock and USD 238 million from crab.
On the other hand, there have been some declines in the anlysed period.
From 2013 to 2014, the overall halibut harvest declined by 70 per cent, and the Pacific sablefish harvest declined by 31 per cent. Pacific salmon landings declined by 33 per cent, attributable mainly to the difference between 2013 pink salmon — one of the largest harvests on record — and the corresponding down cycle in 2014. Pink salmon run strong every other year.
Source: DJ Summers/Alaska Journal of Commerce