Welcome to FIS   Sponsored By
United States
Subscribe to FIS | Register with FIS | Advertise with FIS | Newsletter | About FIS | Contact us
   


Vessels fishing in the South China Sea. (Photo: MikeRussia CC BY-SA 3.0)

Rule of law needs to be respected in the South China Sea: experts

Click on the flag for more information about Viet Nam VIET NAM
Friday, September 15, 2017, 00:20 (GMT + 9)

Despite the shortcomings of the international legal framework regarding territorial disputes at sea, experts concur that international law plays a critical role in securing peace and stability at sea.

This was the unanimous agreement reached by international legal experts at a workshop entitled Navigating towards the free and opens seas of Asia: The role of international law in maintaining good order at sea, held in Hà Nội. The most important piece of international law in this area is the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), which is hampered by generally inadequate language and a lack of enforcement mechanisms.

Given the recent escalation of tensions in the littoral Asia-Pacific, especially in the South China Sea, most countries seek to establish ‘good order’ in the regional seas via multi-lateral action such as the formalisation of ‘code of conducts.’ However, according to Abhijit Singh, Head of Maritime Policy Initiative, India’s Observer Research Foundation, the definition of ‘good order’ has been subject to different interpretations by different countries.

For some, ‘order’ means “co-operation between countries and agreement on the importance of consensus in regional governance” whereby issues of mutual concern like piracy, drugs smuggling, human trafficking and pollution are priorities, while areas of traditional disagreement are avoided in discussions. For others, ‘order’ is a result of orderly maritime conduct which in turns create trust between naval forces—a view that holds that recent aggressions shown by China in the South China Sea are problematic.

 

  Guest speakers at the conference titled “Navigating towards the free and open seas of Asia: The role of international law in maintaining good order at sea,” held yesterday in Hà Nội. — Photo courtesy of British Embassy in Việt Nam


Singh asserted that whether such ‘good order’ can exist in the South China Sea is entirely up to the degree of political trust between ASEAN and China.

Chair of the event, Nguyễn Vũ Tùng, Director of the Diplomatic Academy of Việt Nam, said that South China Sea disputes have shown the need to secure freedom of navigation.

Tùng said the promotion and maintenance of the rule of law at sea has seen notable triumphs in recent times, especially with last July’s tribunal ruling in favour of the Philippines against China in the South China Sea case I concerning the legality of China’s nine-dotted line claim.

“States may leverage that ruling as a good starting point in their interpretation of the Law of the Seas, as well as in the development of policies addressing sea disputes,” Tùng stressed.

Ass. Prof. Kentaro Nishimoto, from Japan’s Tohoku University, voiced his opinion that UNCLOS has clearly defined the entitlements and responsibilities of countries with regard to the seas. The convention provides for multiple dispute settlement mechanisms, he noted, making it a sturdy legal framework for policymaking.

H.E. Mr Kuno Umeda, Japanese Ambassador to Việt Nam, reiterated that order and stability in the region are indispensable to ensuring that the oceans “are ruled not by power, but by law,” and UNCLOS will be the basis on which such security can be achieved.

At the workshop, Giles Lever, the British Ambassador in Hà Nội, lauded the efforts of concerned parties in developing Code of Conduct on the South China Sea. He also reaffirmed the UK government’s commitment to maintaining security in the South China Sea in its capacity as a member of the UN Security Council, as well as developing opportunities for more defence co-operation with Việt Nam.

In his presentation, Dr Hà Anh Tuấn from the Diplomatic Academy of Việt Nam, focused on protecting marine resources through sustainable development in the South China Sea – an issue which he said had been much eclipsed by territorial conflicts but is no less deserving of attention.

Tuấn’s report painted a dire prospect for the South China Sea environment that provides livelihoods for 500 million people in China, Việt Nam, Malaysia, Philippines, and Indonesia. The drastic decline of seafood stock density in the region (up to 70-95 per cent compared to the levels in 1950) due to excessive fishing and pollution in the South China Sea is the highest amongst all measured seas in the world. Thus, he called for more regional legally binding mechanisms, conducting joint-study of fish stocks in the region, more robust efforts in sustainable fisheries, and the establishment of “joint-protected areas” in the South China Sea – all according to the terms of the UNCLOS.

The workshop was hosted by the Diplomatic Academy of Việt Nam, in conjunction with the Embassy of Japan in Việt Nam and the British Embassy in Hà Nội, attracting the participation of international law and international relations scholars from different countries.

This was the second time the open seas workshop has been held, with last year’s theme being “The Rule of Law and International Cooperation.” — VNS

[email protected]
www.fis.com


 Print


Click to know how to advertise in FIS
MORE NEWS
Canada
Nov 18, 02:20 (GMT + 9):
Pension plan buys Atlantic Aqua Farms mussel producer
Morocco
Nov 18, 01:30 (GMT + 9):
Spain intends to achieve greatest possible increase for bluefin tuna TAC
Spain
Nov 18, 00:20 (GMT + 9):
AZTI to analyze climate change effects in four important Spanish fisheries
Egypt
Nov 18, 00:20 (GMT + 9):
Egypt to house Middle East largest fish farm
China
Nov 17, 23:30 (GMT + 9):
Sino Agro Food obtains lower sale revenue
United States
Nov 17, 23:00 (GMT + 9):
IN BRIEF - Alaska Crab Fishery: 30-Day Comment Period Open on RFM Draft Assessment Reports
United States
Nov 17, 23:00 (GMT + 9):
IN BRIEF - GAA’s Jeff Fort Takes on Role of COO
Russian Federation
Nov 17, 23:00 (GMT + 9):
IN BRIEF - Russia poised as ‘exciting’ market for PH shrimp
United States
Nov 17, 23:00 (GMT + 9):
IN BRIEF - Salmon population booms on state’s Mokelumne River as restoration efforts pay off
United States
Nov 17, 22:40 (GMT + 9):
Washington legislators propose banning Atlantic salmon farming in pet nets
Spain
Nov 17, 22:30 (GMT + 9):
Galicia and Wales will sign an agreement to minimize 'Brexit' impact
European Union
Nov 17, 21:50 (GMT + 9):
Baltic illegal discarding worsens despite landing obligation
Chile
Nov 17, 21:20 (GMT + 9):
A kilometre of illegal nets used to capture spider crab detected
Ecuador
Nov 17, 03:10 (GMT + 9):
Shrimp sector electrification to improve competitiveness
United States
Nov 17, 02:50 (GMT + 9):
Dungeness crab season starts in California



Lenguaje
FEATURED EVENTS
  
TOP STORIES
Over 700,000 smolt die at Marine Harvest’s farm
Norway Between October 13 and October 14, over 700,000 smolt died at the Marine Harvest Steinsvik fish farm outside Volda, in Møre og Romsdal county.
Port strike hits Bio Bio fishing sector
Chile It is estimated that some USD 243 million has been lost by the Bio Bío Region due to the national strike that since November 7 has been carried out by port workers.
Russian Aquaculture hopes to gather about 33.7 million in public offering
Russia Fed. Russian Aquaculture has set at between RUB 110 and RUB 140 the price range of the new shares it will list in market, with which it expects to raise up to RUB 2 billion.
50-80pct of fish in Pacific Islands could disappear due to climate change
Canada Many Pacific Island nations will lose from 50 to 80 per cent of marine species in their waters by the end of the 21st century if climate change continues unchecked, warn the authors of a new Nippon Foundation-Nereus Program study.
 
Maruha Nichiro Corporation
Nichirei Corporation -Headquarter-
Pesquera El Golfo S.A.
Ventisqueros - Productos del Mar Ventisqueros S.A
Wärtsilä Corporation -Wartsila Group Headquarter-
ITOCHU Corporation -Headquarter-
BAADER - Nordischer Maschinenbau Rud. Baader GmbH+Co.KG (Head Office)
Inmarsat plc - Global Headquarters
Marks & Spencer
Tesco PLC (Supermarket) - Headquarters
Sea Harvest Corporation (PTY) Ltd.
I&J - Irvin & Johnson Holding Company (Pty) Ltd.
Blue Continent Products (Pty) Ltd - (Oceana Group Limited)
Pesquera San Jose S.A.
Nutreco N.V. - Head Office
CNFC China National Fisheries Corporation - Group Headquarters
W. van der Zwan & Zn. B.V.
SMMI - Sunderland Marine Mutual Insurance Co., Ltd. - Headquarters
Icicle Seafoods Inc. -Headquarter-
Starkist Seafood Co. - Headquearters
Trident Seafoods Corp.
American Seafoods Group LLC - Head Office
Marel - Group Headquarters
SalMar ASA - Group Headquarters
Sajo Industries Co., Ltd
Hansung Enterprise Co.,Ltd.
BIM - Irish Sea Fisheries Board (An Bord Iascaigh Mhara)
CEFAS - Centre for Environment, Fisheries & Aquaculture Science
COPEINCA ASA - Corporacion Pesquera Inca S.A.C.
Chun Cheng Fishery Enterprise Pte Ltd.
VASEP - Vietnam Association of Seafood Exporters & Producers
Gomes da Costa
Furuno Electric Co., Ltd. (Headquarters)
NISSUI - Nippon Suisan Kaisha, Ltd. - Group Headquarters
FAO -Food and Agriculture Organization- Fisheries and Aquaculture Department (Headquarter)
Hagoromo Foods Co., Ltd.
Koden Electronics Co., Ltd. (Headquarters)
A.P. Møller - Maersk A/S - Headquarters
BVQI - Bureau Veritas Quality International (Head Office)
UPS - United Parcel Service, Inc. - Headquarters
Hamburg Süd Group - (Headquearters)
Armadora Pereira S.A. - Group Headquarters
NOAA - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (Headquarters)
Omega Protein Corporation -Headquarter-
Marona S.A.
Marine Harvest ASA - Headquarters
Marubeni Europe Plc -UK-
Findus Ltd
Icom Inc. (Headquarter)
WWF Centroamerica
Oceana Group Limited
The David and Lucile Packard Foundation
Ajinomoto Co., Inc. - Headquarters
Friosur S.A. - Headquarters
Cargill, Incorporated - Global Headquarters
Benihana Inc.
Leardini Pescados Ltda
Mitsubishi Corporation Marine Products Depts. D.Team
CJ Corporation  - Group Headquarters
Greenpeace International - The Netherlands
David Suzuki Foundation
Fisheries and Oceans Canada -Communications Branch-
Mitsui & Co.,Ltd - Headquarters
NOREBO Group (former Ocean Trawlers Group)
Natori Co., Ltd.
Carrefour Supermarket - Headquarters
FedEx Corporation -Headquarter-
AKBM - Aker BioMarine ASA
Seafood Choices Alliance -Headquarter-
Austevoll Seafood ASA
Walmart / Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. (Supermarket) -Headquarter-
New Japan Radio Co.Ltd (JRC) -Head Office-
Gulfstream JSC
INVE Group - Head Office
Marine Stewardship Council - MSC Worldwide Headquarters
Royal Dutch Shell plc (Headquarter)
Genki Sushi Co.,Ltd -Headquarter-
Iceland Pelagic ehf
AXA Assistance Argentina S.A.
Caterpillar Inc. - Headquarters
Tiger Brands Limited
Morpol ASA - Group Headquarters
SeaChoice
National Geographic Society
AmazonFresh, LLC - AmazonFresh

Copyright 1995 - 2017 Fish Info & Services Co.Ltd| All Rights Reserved.   DISCLAIMER