Welcome to FIS   Sponsored By
Subscribe to FIS | Register with FIS | Advertise with FIS | Newsletter | About FIS | Contact us
   


Crispy pan-seared salmon fillets. (Photo: Pinterest)

In search of 'Indonesian salmon'

Click on the flag for more information about Indonesia INDONESIA
Friday, September 15, 2017, 00:40 (GMT + 9)

A few months ago, Maritime and Fisheries Minister Susi Pudjiastuti threatened that she would drown people if they don’t eat fish. This rather playful twist on her policy of sinking ships that courts have proven guilty of illegal fishing went viral in social media, and raised important discussions on how Indonesians should increase their fish consumption. But some fish are more equal than others, as not every fish contains the crucial nutrients we need.

The reason why you must eat fish is because fish is the most accessible and available source of fats essential to our health and well-being -- the Omega-3 long chain fatty acids DHA and EPA, which our body cannot produce and must get from external sources. The tricky thing is, not many food items contain DHA and EPA.

Contrary to what you may think, consuming vegetables, red meat, cow milk or chicken won’t provide you with the required amount of DHA and EPA. A study on the composition of 120 Indonesian food fatty acids shows that none can be good sources of DHA and EPA, except fish.

The function of DHA and EPA in brain development has been highlighted for decades in developed countries. Consumption of these fatty acids during pregnancy is associated with decreased maternal depression, preterm births, and reduced allergies in children. DHA and EPA also increase developmental performance in children and is crucial in maintaining short-term and verbal memory among elders. Evidence for the cardio-protective nature of DHA and EPA is abundant. DHA is also linked to improved moods among people with major depression.

While taking fish oil capsules high in DHA and EPA has beneficial effects, studies show that direct intake of DHA from fish is better. A study comparing the impact of consumption of fish versus that of fish oil capsules showed that blood fatty acid improved rapidly in the first four weeks in the fish consuming group, suggesting essential fatty acids are better absorbed when taken as whole fish. Consuming fish with a comparable amount of DHA means also supplying our body with other nutrients that are absent in fish oil capsules, such as vitamin D, essential amino acids, resulting in better health effect.

Fish are generally a very valuable source of DHA, but fish species vary in their DHA and EPA composition, depending on their environments and diets. Lipids of marine fishes, especially living in low water temperatures, are characterized by a high level of DHA and EPA. Every 100 gram of salmon can contain about 500-800 miligrams of DHA and 300-1,000 mg EPA. Freshwater fish, especially the non-predatory kinds, are generally not good sources of DHA and EPA.

Fish that have been identified as good source of DHA and EPA like salmon are heavily exploited to supply the need of fish oils around the world, including Indonesia. Risks and benefits of fish and fish oil consumption are well studied in the northern countries. In Indonesia, the DHA and EPA food sources are not well documented. Very few big studies have focused on fatty acids, even fewer on Indonesian fish as a source of DHA.

The data sources sometimes have inconsistent results for the same species. The publication on fatty acid composition of Indonesian foods sponsored by Unilever, and another one sponsored by the Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition (GAIN), was the first big study on fatty acids in Indonesian foods, covering 18 fish. Other studies are small and scattered showing this field of research is highly underfunded. The writer reviewed at least nine scientific publications at the university and national level, in documenting the fatty acid composition of less than 10 Indonesian fish.

The most reliable data set is an article published last year in the Journal of Food Composition and Analysis. The study revealed the following fish can be source of DHA and EPA; mackerel or kembung (containing 189 mg/100 grams fish when steamed, 185 mg/100 g fish when fried), small red fish or ikan merah kecil (165 mg/100 g fish when steamed), tuna or tongkol (187 mg/100 g fish when steamed), tinned sardine or sarden kalengan (352 mg/100 g edible portion), squid or cumi (220 mg/100 g fish when fried), anchovies or teri (255 mg/100 g fish when steamed and salted).

   

Other less reliable studies show that Anguila or eel (ikan sidat), Sardinellalemuru or ikan lemuru and Spanish mackerel or ikan tenggiri can also be sources of DHA and EPA.

Although some fish seem to contain high amount of DHA per 100 gram, but according to Total Diet Survey of 2014, Indonesians in average consume only 43 grams of marine fish per day.

Written by Mulia Nurhasan Mulia Nurhasan/The Jakarta Post (PhD candidate at the Department of Nutrition, Sports and Exercise, University of Copenhagen)

editorial@fis.com
www.fis.com

 

 


 Print


Click to know how to advertise in FIS
MORE NEWS
United States
Sep 23, 00:20 (GMT + 9):
Gov. Scott applauds fish hatchery system
New Zealand
Sep 23, 00:20 (GMT + 9):
Minister’s decision erodes Māori fisheries settlement
Worldwide
Sep 23, 00:10 (GMT + 9):
Smoked eel market potential growth, size & share, demand and analysis of key investors- forecasts to 2022
Angola
Sep 23, 00:00 (GMT + 9):
Chinese state-owned company builds tilapia farm
Iceland
Sep 22, 22:00 (GMT + 9):
Iceland makes bigger profit from warming oceans as fish swim north
Chile
Sep 22, 21:50 (GMT + 9):
Seafood stocks surge as salmon producer eyes Norway listing
Canada
Sep 22, 21:40 (GMT + 9):
IN BRIEF - Herring season starts on Northumberland Strait
United Kingdom
Sep 22, 21:30 (GMT + 9):
BBC award for sustainable insect food protein
Argentina
Sep 22, 21:10 (GMT + 9):
CaPeCa requests INIDEP to expand the shrimp exploration area to the north
United States
Sep 22, 21:00 (GMT + 9):
IN BRIEF - Ex-Manager Of Omega Fish Plant Cops To Polluting La. River
Spain
Sep 22, 21:00 (GMT + 9):
Mussel companies take 80pct of public aid
United Kingdom
Sep 22, 20:50 (GMT + 9):
Dutch Advertising standards authority confirm Princes are 'misleading consumers'
Bahamas
Sep 22, 01:30 (GMT + 9):
Hurricane season leads to fishing industry catastrophic loss
Mexico
Sep 22, 00:40 (GMT + 9):
3,000 tons of octopus caught in 50 days
Japan
Sep 22, 00:10 (GMT + 9):
A sea change in Pacific fish wars



Lenguaje
FEATURED EVENTS
  
TOP STORIES
EUR 700,000 fine for illegal cargo deemed a wrong signal to global market, Oceana
European Union The Spanish National Court has ordered the payment of EUR 700,000 to a Chinese company in compensation for a cargo of illegally-caught Patagonian toothfish, which Oceana and Sea Shepherd consider wrong signal to fishermen and the global fish market.
105 people poisoned with histamine in tuna uncover suppliers’ fraud
Spain The Civil Guard has investigated 7 people as alleged perpetrators of a crime against public health with food products, the crime of documentary misrepresentation and a crime related to consumers.
Toxic puffer species sighting and capture grows in Canarian waters
Spain During July and especially in August, scientists from the Oceanographic Centre of the Canary Islands of the Spanish Institute of Oceanography have received numerous calls on sightings and catches of the species Lagocephalus lagocephalus, a very toxic puffer fish.
Small-scale fisheries have big impact on oceans
Philippines A new UBC study has found that small-scale fisheries may have a much larger impact on ocean ecosystems than previously thought, due to a lack of data on their development over time.
 
Maruha Nichiro Corporation
Nichirei Corporation -Headquarter-
Pesquera El Golfo S.A.
Ventisqueros - Productos del Mar Ventisqueros S.A
Wärtsilä Corporation -Wartsila Group Headquarter-
ITOCHU Corporation -Headquarter-
BAADER - Nordischer Maschinenbau Rud. Baader GmbH+Co.KG (Head Office)
Inmarsat plc - Global Headquarters
Marks & Spencer
Tesco PLC (Supermarket) - Headquarters
Sea Harvest Corporation (PTY) Ltd.
I&J - Irvin & Johnson Holding Company (Pty) Ltd.
Blue Continent Products (Pty) Ltd - (Oceana Group Limited)
Pesquera San Jose S.A.
Nutreco N.V. - Head Office
CNFC China National Fisheries Corporation - Group Headquarters
W. van der Zwan & Zn. B.V.
SMMI - Sunderland Marine Mutual Insurance Co., Ltd. - Headquarters
Icicle Seafoods Inc. -Headquarter-
Starkist Seafood Co. - Headquearters
Trident Seafoods Corp.
American Seafoods Group LLC - Head Office
Marel - Group Headquarters
SalMar ASA - Group Headquarters
Sajo Industries Co., Ltd
Hansung Enterprise Co.,Ltd.
BIM - Irish Sea Fisheries Board (An Bord Iascaigh Mhara)
CEFAS - Centre for Environment, Fisheries & Aquaculture Science
COPEINCA ASA - Corporacion Pesquera Inca S.A.C.
Chun Cheng Fishery Enterprise Pte Ltd.
Food Project (Siam) Co., Ltd.
VASEP - Vietnam Association of Seafood Exporters & Producers
Gomes da Costa
Furuno Electric Co., Ltd. (Headquarters)
NISSUI - Nippon Suisan Kaisha, Ltd. - Group Headquarters
FAO -Food and Agriculture Organization- Fisheries and Aquaculture Department (Headquarter)
Hagoromo Foods Co., Ltd.
Koden Electronics Co., Ltd. (Headquarters)
A.P. Møller - Maersk A/S - Headquarters
BVQI - Bureau Veritas Quality International (Head Office)
UPS - United Parcel Service, Inc. - Headquarters
Hamburg Süd Group - (Headquearters)
Armadora Pereira S.A. - Group Headquarters
NOAA - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (Headquarters)
Omega Protein Corporation -Headquarter-
Marona S.A.
Marine Harvest ASA - Headquarters
Marubeni Europe Plc -UK-
Findus Ltd
Icom Inc. (Headquarter)
WWF Centroamerica
Oceana Group Limited
The David and Lucile Packard Foundation
Ajinomoto Co., Inc. - Headquarters
Friosur S.A. - Headquarters
Cargill, Incorporated - Global Headquarters
Benihana Inc.
Leardini Pescados Ltda
Mitsubishi Corporation Marine Products Depts. D.Team
CJ Corporation  - Group Headquarters
Greenpeace International - The Netherlands
David Suzuki Foundation
Fisheries and Oceans Canada -Communications Branch-
Mitsui & Co.,Ltd - Headquarters
Ocean Trawlers Group - Ocean Trawlers HK Ltd.
Natori Co., Ltd.
Carrefour Supermarket - Headquarters
FedEx Corporation -Headquarter-
AKBM - Aker BioMarine ASA
Seafood Choices Alliance -Headquarter-
Austevoll Seafood ASA
Walmart / Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. (Supermarket) -Headquarter-
New Japan Radio Co.Ltd (JRC) -Head Office-
Gulfstream JSC
INVE Group - Head Office
Marine Stewardship Council - MSC Worldwide Headquarters
Royal Dutch Shell plc (Headquarter)
Genki Sushi Co.,Ltd -Headquarter-
Iceland Pelagic ehf
AXA Assistance Argentina S.A.
Caterpillar Inc. - Headquarters
Tiger Brands Limited
Morpol ASA - Group Headquarters
SeaChoice
National Geographic Society
AmazonFresh, LLC - AmazonFresh

Copyright 1995 - 2017 Fish Info & Services Co.Ltd| All Rights Reserved.   DISCLAIMER