Welcome to FIS   Sponsored By
Subscribe to FIS | Register with FIS | Advertise with FIS | Newsletter | About FIS | Contact us

Mangrove. (Photo: Stock File)

Aquaculture limits: shrimp farming destroys mangroves

Click on the flag for more information about Viet Nam VIET NAM
Tuesday, September 05, 2017, 20:30 (GMT + 9)

Shrimp aquaculture boom has aided thousands of Vietnamese farmers to get out of poverty and it has also contributed decisively to the destruction of its mangroves, vital amphibian forests to curb erosion and sea level rise. Out of the 270,000 hectares that covered the Vietnamese coast in 1980, only 60,000 remain, according to government data.

Experts attribute this deforestation to urbanization, tourism development and above all to the lucrative shrimp industry, which in 2016 exported products worth EUR 2.7 billion. "Aquaculture has expanded greatly since the 1990s and has contributed to the loss of mangroves. Now there is more awareness that we have to protect them, but there are very few and they are difficult to regenerate," says Phuc Xuan Tho, an analyst in Vietnam of the US organization Forest Trends. Of the 270,000 hectares of the Vietnamese coast in 1980 there are only 60,000 left.

Mangroves are swamp ecosystems that mix fresh and salty water and where more than 700 animal species coexist along the fragile Vietnamese coasts protecting them from the sea level rise and mitigating the effects of typhoons. However, the tangled roots of their trees are only a hindrance to producers, eager for large extensions of stagnant water for their breeding grounds.

"They cut down the mangroves to have more room for breeding," explains Nguyen Thi Bich Thuy, head of the Mangroves and Markets project, which seeks to reconcile economic benefits with environmental protection. This program, promoted by the Netherlands Development Organization (NDO), proposes an organic model of crustacean breeding that respects the mangrove and promotes its regeneration.

Started in 2012 in the southern province of Ca Mau, the country's last large mangrove reserve, it has successfully completed its first phase and has now expanded to the provinces of Tra Vinh and Ben Tre in the Mekong River Delta. "The condition is that 50 per cent of the surface area is mangrove at the end of the project. That implies a replanting effort, but also conservation of the existing mangroves," says Bich Thuy. They cut down mangroves to have more space for breeding.

NDO has organized the training of 4,100 aquaculturists, instructing them in the ecological breeding and also in the steps to follow to obtain all the necessary certifications for the crustacean exports with the organic seal. "We have had very interesting responses after the formations, the villagers change their viewpoint and understand the importance of the mangrove, they do not think about cutting down the trees in order to raise more shrimp, and many of them replant mangroves on their own," she says.

One of the ideas that explains the good response received is that thousands of inhabitants of the area are already experiencing the perverse consequences of climate change. According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, the Mekong Delta is one of the most exposed areas on the planet to the effects of global warming in the coming years and can lose up to 40 per cent of its surface.

In 2015 and 2016, this region, which is the most fertile in the country, experienced the worst drought recorded, thousands of tons of crops were lost and salinization due to sea level rise and low river flow turned fresh water into a scarce asset. The intrusion of salty water in the farming fields in 2006 reached 4,000 hectares and it reached 56,000 hectares in 2016, fourteen times more.

Source: EFE

[email protected]


Click to know how to advertise in FIS
Mar 21, 20:20 (GMT + 9):
Defense and Security agreed on control plan to combat illegal fishing in the South Atlantic
Mar 21, 03:50 (GMT + 9):
AZTI seeks to help trawler fleet adapt to landing obligation
Mar 21, 01:30 (GMT + 9):
Aker BioMarine to construct modern energy efficient vessel
Mar 21, 00:30 (GMT + 9):
Toxin forces almost half of mussel polygons to close in Galicia
Mar 21, 00:30 (GMT + 9):
Fisheries and aquaculture businesses granted aid to adopt clean technology
Mar 20, 23:50 (GMT + 9):
Pharmaq’s strategic partnership aims to boost tilapia value chain
Mar 20, 22:50 (GMT + 9):
Sea bream suffers impact of overfishing in the Strait of Gibraltar
Mar 20, 22:00 (GMT + 9):
Fisheries Minister proposes Ireland to work together to face Brexit
United States
Mar 20, 22:00 (GMT + 9):
SeaBOS and GDST join forces to support seafood traceability
Mar 20, 21:40 (GMT + 9):
Spanish and Portuguese fishermen exercise pressure to capture more sardine
United States
Mar 20, 21:30 (GMT + 9):
AquaBounty expects to gather USD 7.5 million in public offering of shares
Mar 20, 20:00 (GMT + 9):
Fish Pool Salmon Price Status Report for week 12
Mar 20, 03:10 (GMT + 9):
Week 10 fishmeal and fish oil market situation
Mar 20, 01:50 (GMT + 9):
Salmones Antartica obtains ASC certification
Mar 20, 01:50 (GMT + 9):
ASC launches new farm standard public consultation

Albion publishes 2019 ODP profile
Canada Sustainable Fisheries Partnership (SFP) is pleased to announce Canadian seafood supplier Albion Farms & Fisheries has renewed its participation in the Ocean Disclosure Project (ODP) for a second y...
Total fresh and frozen tuna imports fall in January
Japan Total fresh and frozen tuna imports in January dropped in volume and in value compared to last December but grew over those in January, 2018.
New minister analyzes new fishing right implementation with fishermen's unions
Peru New Production Minister Rocio Barrios Alvarado said that the new rates of fishing rights, which will come into force this year, will be defined in an objective, technical and transparent manner.
Maine’s cod capture value plummets
United States Maine’s cod fishery has declined to the point that it had its least valuable year in more than a half-century in 2018, which experts attribute to overfishing as well as possible environmental factors.
Maruha Nichiro Corporation
Nichirei Corporation - Headquarters
Pesquera El Golfo S.A.
Ventisqueros - Productos del Mar Ventisqueros S.A
Wärtsilä Corporation -Wartsila Group Headquarter-
ITOCHU Corporation -Headquarter-
BAADER - Nordischer Maschinenbau Rud. Baader GmbH+Co.KG (Head Office)
Inmarsat plc - Global Headquarters
Marks & Spencer
Tesco PLC (Supermarket) - Headquarters
Sea Harvest Corporation (PTY) Ltd. - Group Headquarters
I&J - Irvin & Johnson Holding Company (Pty) Ltd.
Blue Continent Products (Pty) Ltd - (Oceana Group Limited)
Pesquera San Jose S.A.
Nutreco N.V. - Head Office
CNFC China National Fisheries Corporation - Group Headquarters
W. van der Zwan & Zn. B.V.
SMMI - Sunderland Marine Mutual Insurance Co., Ltd. - Headquarters
Icicle Seafoods, Inc
Starkist Seafood Co. - Headquearters
Trident Seafoods Corp.
American Seafoods Group LLC - Head Office
Marel - Group Headquarters
SalMar ASA - Group Headquarters
Sajo Industries Co., Ltd
Hansung Enterprise Co.,Ltd.
BIM - Irish Sea Fisheries Board (An Bord Iascaigh Mhara)
CEFAS - Centre for Environment, Fisheries & Aquaculture Science
COPEINCA ASA - Corporacion Pesquera Inca S.A.C.
Chun Cheng Fishery Enterprise Pte Ltd.
VASEP - Vietnam Association of Seafood Exporters & Producers
Gomes da Costa
Furuno Electric Co., Ltd. (Headquarters)
NISSUI - Nippon Suisan Kaisha, Ltd. - Group Headquarters
FAO - Food and Agriculture Organization - Fisheries and Aquaculture Department (Headquarter)
Hagoromo Foods Co., Ltd.
Koden Electronics Co., Ltd. (Headquarters)
A.P. Møller - Maersk A/S - Headquarters
BVQI - Bureau Veritas Quality International (Head Office)
UPS - United Parcel Service, Inc. - Headquarters
Hamburg Süd Group - (Headquearters)
Armadora Pereira S.A. - Group Headquarters
NOAA - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (Headquarters)
Omega Protein Corporation
Marona S.A.
Mowi ASA (formerly Marine Harvest ASA) - Headquarters
Marubeni Europe Plc -UK-
Findus Ltd
Icom Inc. (Headquarter)
WWF Centroamerica
Oceana Group Limited
The David and Lucile Packard Foundation
Ajinomoto Co., Inc. - Headquarters
Friosur S.A. - Headquarters
Cargill, Incorporated - Global Headquarters
Benihana Inc.
Leardini Pescados Ltda
Mitsubishi Corporation Marine Products Depts. D.Team
CJ Corporation  - Group Headquarters
Greenpeace International - The Netherlands | Headquarters
David Suzuki Foundation
Fisheries and Oceans Canada -Communications Branch-
Mitsui & Co.,Ltd - Headquarters
NOREBO Group (former Ocean Trawlers Group)
Natori Co., Ltd.
Carrefour Supermarket - Headquarters
FedEx Corporation - Headquarters
AKBM - Aker BioMarine ASA
Seafood Choices Alliance -Headquarter-
Austevoll Seafood ASA
Walmart / Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. (Supermarket) -Headquarter-
New Japan Radio Co.Ltd (JRC) -Head Office-
Gulfstream JSC
INVE Group - Head Office
Marine Stewardship Council - MSC Worldwide Headquarters
Royal Dutch Shell plc (Headquarter)
Genki Sushi Co.,Ltd -Headquarter-
Iceland Pelagic ehf
AXA Assistance Argentina S.A.
Caterpillar Inc. - Headquarters
Tiger Brands Limited
Morpol ASA - Group Headquarters
National Geographic Society
AmazonFresh, LLC - AmazonFresh

Copyright 1995 - 2019 Fish Info & Services Co.Ltd| All Rights Reserved.   DISCLAIMER