Welcome to FIS   Sponsored By
United States
Subscribe to FIS | Register with FIS | Advertise with FIS | Newsletter | About FIS | Contact us
   


Fishmeal store. (Photo: Stock File)

IFFO response: antibiotic resistant genes found in fishmeal

Click on the flag for more information about United Kingdom UNITED KINGDOM
Thursday, September 07, 2017, 00:50 (GMT + 9)

After analysing a recent publication of a scientific paper indicating there is a potential for fishmeal used in aquaculture feed to be a vector for antibiotic resistant genes, IFFO has decided to exercise caution in how the results are interpreted without further confirmation of the findings as this is a first study in the subject. [1]

The organisation also states that the work is also notable as having been undertaken on a very limited sample number: 5 fishmeal products; 2 terrestrial animal products, and as such it considers it is not an extensive investigation. 

IFFO points out that while antibiotic resistance is a concern in any food stuff, (and the entity recognises the importance of managing antibiotics in order to protect the availability of treatments for human health), it believes the paper raises several questions and has made the following observations:

  • The majority of fishmeal is produced from whole fish caught in the wild where there is no contact with antibiotics, nor are antibiotics used in the manufacturing process. The paper shows a sample of Peruvian fishmeal, which would be entirely made from wild caught Peruvian anchovy, to have seven different antibiotic residues present. As the sampling was conducted in China and not in Peru, IFFO members are seeking clarification of the measures taken to protect samples from contamination.
  • Although the majority of fishmeal comes from whole fish with the pelagic species dominating, some fishmeal is produced from recycled fish trimmings. IFFO estimates that approximately 33 per cent of the total annual volume comes from this raw material, and although some of the source of this raw material will be aquaculture byproduct, the majority is wild capture byproduct and, again, would not come into contact with antibiotics. The use of antibiotics on farmed fish is expensive and limited, as noted by a Joint FAO/OIE/WHO [2] Expert Consultation on Antimicrobial Use in Aquaculture in countries where “licensing and regulation of the use of antimicrobials are strictly enforced and where use is always under veterinary guidance, it would be typical that 2-4 agents would be available to aquaculture”.
  • In general, aquafeed companies have quality management systems in place to check the integrity of the ingredients that are used in their feed manufacture. 
  • Antibiotic Resistant Genes (ARGs) are susceptible to degradation in the environment and the transfer of genes to other bacteria is a complex process with a number of conditions that must be met for transfer to occur. It is not clear what risk detectable ARGs represent in the mariculture environment.
  • ARGs have been found to be present in apparently isolated locations around the world, including some very extreme environments such as permafrost and cave systems. They may therefore have become somewhat ubiquitous in the environment. The inclusion of a sample control in the paper such as other marine sediments not within the vicinity of a mariculture unit would have helped to identify whether fish farms are actually the source of the ARGs. IFFO wonders whether ARGs may be present in other marine sediments.
  • Only very limited (n=2) other feed ingredients have been included in the test which would have been a useful comparison or control. It is possible that the presence of nutrients in the sediment (from either fishmeal or other feed ingredients) are encouraging the growth of sediment bacteria which may contain ARGs that do not originate from fishmeal.
  • Fish farms in China are often notable for their proximity to human populations, and it may well be that any selection pressure on bacterial communities arising from antibiotic use is a result of other sources, such as sewage effluent, for example. For centuries China has been a leader in polyculture systems where avian species such as ducks are reared in contact within an aquaculture system.  In many instances, these are not isolated or true monoculture systems. The wide range of different antibiotics observed also aligns with the suggestion that the source is not the fish farms themselves as antibiotics used as fish chemotherapeutants have tended to be limited in number.
  • The authors state there is a poor link between Antibiotic Resistant Genes (ARG’s) and the specific antibiotic, which appears contradictory. 

Food safety is one of IFFO’s core values and fishmeal is rightly regarded as a high quality product that supports the global production of millions of tonnes of fish, pork, and poultry. Therefore, the organisation stresses that it is important that a perspective is maintained in interpreting the results of a limited, early study, around which there are some questions about the sampling methodology.

In IFFO's view, to extrapolate the results of a limited study to an important global supply chain is unreasonable without much additional information.

-------------------------------------

[1] Fishmeal Application Induces Antibiotic Resistance Gene Propagation in Mariculture Sediment.

Ying Han, Jing Wang, Zelong Zhao, Jingwen Chen, Hong Lu, and Guangfei Liu.
Environmental Science & Technology Article ASAP
DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.7b02875Han et al “Fishmeal Application Induces Antibiotic Resistance GenePropagation in Mariculture Sediment”
[2]
ftp://ftp.fao.org/ag/agn/food/aquaculture_rep_13_16june2006.pdf

[email protected]
www.fis.com

 

 


 Print


Click to know how to advertise in FIS
MORE NEWS
Netherlands
Jan 28, 18:00 (GMT + 9):
Skretting and Proteon Pharmaceuticals to introduce novel phage technology for aquaculture
Sweden
Jan 28, 17:40 (GMT + 9):
Alfa Laval joins the Mærsk Mc-Kinney Møller Center for Zero Carbon Shipping
Spain
Jan 28, 07:00 (GMT + 9):
More than 5,000 points of sale join the new Skrei campaign
Spain
Jan 28, 07:00 (GMT + 9):
138 different species of cephalopods inhabit the Great Marine Ecosystem of the Canary Current
Netherlands
Jan 28, 06:00 (GMT + 9):
Eight Indonesian pole-and-line and handline fisheries celebrate achieving MSC certification
Japan
Jan 28, 05:00 (GMT + 9):
Auction prices for common squid (todarodes pacificus) frozen on board │Ogi market (until Jan-25)
Japan
Jan 28, 05:00 (GMT + 9):
Seafood entry | Tokyo Central Fish Market (Toyosu, Adachi, Ota) | week 3
Peru
Jan 28, 00:00 (GMT + 9):
Otros medios | MundoAcuicola: Perú y Brasil buscan fortalecer su comercio en pesca y acuicultura
Norway
Jan 27, 18:00 (GMT + 9):
Fish Pool Salmon Price Status Report for week 4
Norway
Jan 27, 09:10 (GMT + 9):
Statistics │ Exports │ Marine products │ Dec-2020
South Korea
Jan 27, 08:00 (GMT + 9):
Atka mackerel imports increased by 48%
United States
Jan 27, 07:40 (GMT + 9):
Lightweight, collapsible 'CodCoil' black cod pots can barely keep up with demand
India
Jan 27, 07:00 (GMT + 9):
India aims to increase seaweed production to 11.5 lt in five years: Fisheries Secretary
Argentina
Jan 27, 07:00 (GMT + 9):
Illex Squid: X-ray of abundance
United States
Jan 27, 07:00 (GMT + 9):
RAS shrimp producer may have found its field of dreams



Lenguaje
FEATURED EVENTS
  
TOP STORIES
Statistics │ Import by origin │Crab │ December 2020
South Korea Source: FIS.com | Click to enlarge it [email protected] www.fis.com...
New study finds Scottish pelagic fisheries have low carbon footprint
United Kingdom A new study has found that Scottish caught pelagic fish such as herring and mackerel have a low carbon footprint compared to other types of food production, making them a good food choice for the envi...
CALAMASUR in favor of limiting the fishing of the Giant Squid for its sustainability
Peru In an international meeting they will discuss the key issues for its management and conservation. The peruvian newspaper 'Gestión', reported today in an article that the main fishing compani...
Scientists develop model to predict movement of tuna
Seychelles Indian Ocean Tuna Commission - the organization responsible for the management of tunas and tuna-like species in the Indian Ocean region is conducting new research to better understand the movement of...
 
Maruha Nichiro Corporation
Nichirei Corporation - Headquarters
Pesquera El Golfo S.A.
Ventisqueros - Productos del Mar Ventisqueros S.A
Wärtsilä Corporation - Wartsila Group Headquarters
ITOCHU Corporation - Headquarters
BAADER - Nordischer Maschinenbau Rud. Baader GmbH+Co.KG (Head Office)
Inmarsat plc - Global Headquarters
Marks & Spencer
Tesco PLC (Supermarket) - Headquarters
Sea Harvest Corporation (PTY) Ltd. - Group Headquarters
I&J - Irvin & Johnson Holding Company (Pty) Ltd.
AquaChile S.A. - Group Headquarters
Pesquera San Jose S.A.
Nutreco N.V. - Head Office
CNFC China National Fisheries Corporation - Group Headquarters
W. van der Zwan & Zn. B.V.
SMMI - Sunderland Marine Mutual Insurance Co., Ltd. - Headquarters
Icicle Seafoods, Inc
Starkist Seafood Co. - Headquearters
Trident Seafoods Corp.
American Seafoods Group LLC - Head Office
Marel - Group Headquarters
SalMar ASA - Group Headquarters
Sajo Industries Co., Ltd
Hansung Enterprise Co.,Ltd.
BIM - Irish Sea Fisheries Board (An Bord Iascaigh Mhara)
CEFAS - Centre for Environment, Fisheries & Aquaculture Science
COPEINCA ASA - Corporacion Pesquera Inca S.A.C.
Chun Cheng Fishery Enterprise Pte Ltd.
VASEP - Vietnam Association of Seafood Exporters & Producers
Gomes da Costa
Furuno Electric Co., Ltd. (Headquarters)
NISSUI - Nippon Suisan Kaisha, Ltd. - Group Headquarters
FAO - Food and Agriculture Organization - Fisheries and Aquaculture Department (Headquarter)
Hagoromo Foods Co., Ltd.
Koden Electronics Co., Ltd. (Headquarters)
A.P. Møller - Maersk A/S - Headquarters
BVQI - Bureau Veritas Quality International (Head Office)
UPS - United Parcel Service, Inc. - Headquarters
Brim ehf (formerly HB Grandi Ltd) - Headquarters
Hamburg Süd Group - (Headquearters)
Armadora Pereira S.A. - Group Headquarters
NOAA - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (Headquarters)
Mowi ASA (formerly Marine Harvest ASA) - Headquarters
Marubeni Europe Plc -UK-
Findus Ltd
Icom Inc. (Headquarter)
WWF Centroamerica
Oceana Group Limited
The David and Lucile Packard Foundation
Ajinomoto Co., Inc. - Headquarters
Friosur S.A. - Headquarters
Cargill, Incorporated - Global Headquarters
Benihana Inc.
Leardini Pescados Ltda
CJ Corporation  - Group Headquarters
Greenpeace International - The Netherlands | Headquarters
David Suzuki Foundation
Fisheries and Oceans Canada -Communications Branch-
Mitsui & Co.,Ltd - Headquarters
NOREBO Group (former Ocean Trawlers Group)
Natori Co., Ltd.
Carrefour Supermarket - Headquarters
FedEx Corporation - Headquarters
Cooke Inc. - Group Headquarters
AKBM - Aker BioMarine ASA
Seafood Choices Alliance -Headquarter-
Austevoll Seafood ASA
Walmart | Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. (Supermarket) - Headquarters
New Japan Radio Co.Ltd (JRC) -Head Office-
Gulfstream JSC
Marine Stewardship Council - MSC Worldwide Headquarters
Royal Dutch Shell plc (Headquarter)
Genki Sushi Co.,Ltd -Headquarter-
Iceland Pelagic ehf
AXA Assistance Argentina S.A.
Caterpillar Inc. - Headquarters
Tiger Brands Limited
SeaChoice
National Geographic Society
AmazonFresh, LLC - AmazonFresh

Copyright 1995 - 2021 Fish Info & Services Co.Ltd| All Rights Reserved.   DISCLAIMER